The Effects of the Bologna Process in Vocational Education and Training: A Theorized Literature-Based Argument

  • Indrit Vucaj Oklahoma State University

Abstract

Bologna Process (BP), founded to meet growing challenge of international education and fulfill employment market demands in Europe (Caddick, 2008), has transformed European higher education system (EACEA P9 Eurydice, 2012) with remarkable results (Vassiliou, 2012). The Bologna Process has also led to some controversy (Cardoso et al., 2008). Some of these controversies were expressed as concerns, ranging from lack of financial reforms to adapt technical education (Reichert & Tauch, 2003) to lack of consultancy resources for technical advice (Altbach, Reisberg, & Rumbley, 2009), about BPs impact on vocational education and training across Europe. Through theoretical framework and literature research methodology, this paper attempts to illuminate and theorize the impact that BP has had on career and technical education in Europe.

Author Biography

Indrit Vucaj, Oklahoma State University
Indrit Vucaj is a research fellow at the College of Education at the Oklahoma State University. He is pursuing his doctoral degree in Occupational Studies and his focus lies in understanding the Bologna Process as a matter of fit to the country of Albania and its implications to Albanian workforce. His other research areas including vocational and technical training in Europe, harmonization of European higher education, adoptation of the Bologna Process and its implications to workforce readiness.

References

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Published
2015-05-18
How to Cite
VUCAJ, Indrit. The Effects of the Bologna Process in Vocational Education and Training: A Theorized Literature-Based Argument. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, may 2015. ISSN 2166-2681. Available at: <http://isejournal.org/index.php/jise/article/view/109>. Date accessed: 24 aug. 2019.

Keywords

bologna process; vocational education and training; VET; CTE; European higher education area; career and technical education; European lifelong learning