African-American Female Administrators at Predominantly White Institutions in Tennessee: Is There a Need for Affirmative Action?

  • Barbara L. Howard Jackson State Univeristy

Abstract

With recent attention given to affirmative action and race relations, the purpose of this research was to revisit a previous study made in 2001 and determine if there was a need for further attention to African-American female administrators at Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs) in Tennessee based on the number of such in these positions.       

      In 2001, these individuals made up 26% of the similarly classified administrative/professional positions in the Tennessee Board of Regents schools, half of which were located at Tennessee State University which is a Historically Black College or University (HBCU).   A review of data in 2015 show at Middle Tennessee State University, 6.4% of positions classified as executive/administrative/managerial were held by African-American females compared to 35% White females and 51.3% White males.  At the University of Memphis, 18.9% African-American females were in executive/administrative/managerial positions compared to 31% for White females.  At the University of Tennessee, 9.5 % of the executive/administrative/managerial positions were held by African Americans (including both males and females).  Information was not obtainable from Austin Peay and Tennessee Technological Universities.  Data show, at the very least, a decline in the disaggregating of data for African-American female administrators.  Data also show low numbers and percentages of African-American females in executive or managerial roles in year 2015.   

Author Biography

Barbara L. Howard, Jackson State Univeristy
Assistant Professor, Interdisciplinary Studies School of Lifelong Learning College of Education and Human Development Jackson State University

References

Bean, P. M. (2014). Have We Reached Grutter's "Logical End Point?" the Fight over State Law Bans on Preferential Treatment Programs and the Future of Affirmative Action in the United States. The American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law,22(2), 485. Retrieved from Questia.

Beverly, C. III (2012). African American Faculty and Administrators Success in the Academy: Career Mentoring and Job Satisfaction at Predominantly White Institutions. Journal of Pan African Studies, 5 (1), 261. Retrieved from Questia.

Brown, W. A. (1997). Increasing Power, Not Just Numbers. Black Issues in Higher Education, 14 (18), 92-94.

Crews, L.C. (2007). The Experiences of African American Administrators at Predominantly White Two-Year and Four-Year Institutions. (Doctoral dissertation, Wayne State University, 2007). UMI, 3354476.

Etter-Lewis, G. (1997). Teaching/Administrating Inside the Sacred Grove. In L. Benjamin, Black Women in the Academy (p 81-90). Gainesville, FL: University Press.

Gamble, E. D. and Turner, N. J. (2015). Career Ascension of African American Women in Executive Positions in Postsecondary Institutions. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 19 (1). Retrieved from Questia.

Howard, B.L. (2016). Background Factors Common among African-American Female Administrators at Predominantly White Institutions in Tennessee: A 2001 Study. Journal of Rural Education Policy and Practice, 9 (1).

Kenworthy, J. (2016, April 14). Why Concern about Race Relations Has Jumped- for Whites and Blacks. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from Questia.

Moses, Y.T. (1994). The Role of Female Chief Academic Officers in Institutionalizing Cultural Diversity in the Academy. In J.D. Davis (Ed.), Coloring the Halls of Ivy (pp45-58). Bolton, MA: Anker.

Tennessee desegregation suit finally settled. (2001, January 5). Online Athens, Athens Banner-Herald. Retrieved from http://onlineathens.com/stories/010501/new_0105010015.shtml#.WIewB U2QzIU.

Rolle, K.A. (1998). The Experiences of African American Administrators at Predominantly White Institutions of Higher Education (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University, 1998). UMI, 9835031.

White Women Gaining from Affirmative Action. (2015, April 23). The Buffalo News. Buffalo, NY. Retrieved from Questia.

Wills, C. (1997). A Perspective on Women and Blacks in Higher Education Administration at the Tennessee Board of Regents and University of Tennessee Systems. (Published doctoral dissertation, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, 1997).
Published
2017-05-13
How to Cite
HOWARD, Barbara L.. African-American Female Administrators at Predominantly White Institutions in Tennessee: Is There a Need for Affirmative Action?. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 73-77, may 2017. ISSN 2166-2681. Available at: <http://isejournal.org/index.php/jise/article/view/187>. Date accessed: 22 nov. 2017.

Keywords

African American; Female; Higher Education; Administration