Conceptualizing the NET: The Neuroeducation Translational (NET) Research Model – A Framework for Neuroscience Research to Special Education Practice
Advances in neuroscience related to developmental disorders could substantially impact individuals with disabilities and the field of special education. However, several challenges impede the current translation of neuroscience research for special education practice, such as misinterpretations of neuroscience findings. An investigation of translational research in medicine and social sciences revealed a common conceptual framework founded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Using this model as a guide, the authors propose a new framework, titled the Neuroeducation Translational (NET) Research Model, to carefully scaffold neuroscience research from the laboratory to special education practice in four phases. Improved outcomes for individuals with disabilities and knowledge sharing across disciplines are some of the benefits to developing a framework for neuroeducation.
Autism Speaks. (2013). Autism speaks approves new round of high-priority research projects. Retrieved from http://www.autismspeaks.org/science/science-news/autism-speaks-approves-new-round-high-priority-research-projects
Balas, E. A., & Boren, S. A. (2000). Yearbook of medical informatics: Managing clinical knowledge for health care improvement. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattlauer Verlagsgesellschaft mbH.
Barrett, J. E., Coyle, J. T., & Williams, M. (Eds.). (2012). Translational neuroscience: Applications in psychiatry, neurology, and neurodevelopmental disorders. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bassett, D. S., Wymbs, N. F., Porter, M. A., Mucha, P. J., Carlson, J. M., & Grafton, S. T. (2011). Dynamic reconfiguration of human brain networks during learning. Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 108(18), 7641-7646.
Bechara, A. (2005). Decision making, impulse control and loss of willpower to resist drugs: A neurocognitive perspective. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1458-1463.
Beeghly, M. (2006). Translational research on early language development: Current challenges and future directions. Development and Psychopathology, 18(3), 737-757.
Bishop, D. M. V. (2013). Research review: Emanuel Miller memorial lecture 2012 – Neuroscientific studies of intervention for language impairment in children: Interpretive and methodological problems. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(3), 247-259.
Boden, D., Borrego, M., & Newswander, L. K. (2011). Student socialization in interdisciplinary doctoral education. Higher Education, 62(6), 741-755.
Buxbaum, J. D., & Hof, P. R. (Eds). (2012). The neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Oxford, UK: Academic Press.
Callard, F., Rose, D., Wykes, T. (2011). Close to the bench as well as at the bedside: Involving service users in all phases of translational research. Health Expectations, 15, 389-400.
Carroll, A. (2012). JAMA forum: Bill would gut patient-centered outcomes research. news@JAMA. Retrieved from http://newsatjama.jama.com/2012/07/26/jama-forum-bill-would-gut-patient-centered-outcomes-research/
Chiao, J. Y., & Immordino-Yang, M. H. (2013). Modularity and the cultural mind contributions of cultural neuroscience to cognitive theory. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(1), 56-61.
Cicchetti, D., & Gunnar, M. R. (Eds.). (2009). Meeting the challenge of translational research in child psychology: Minnesota Symposia on child psychology (Vol. 35). New York: Wiley.
Damasio, A. R. (Eds.). (2005). The neurobiological grounding of human values. In J. P. Changeux, A. R. Damasio, W. Singer, & Y. Christen (Eds.), Neurobiology of human values (pp. 47-56). London: Springer Verlag.
Freed, J., & Parsons, L. (1998). Right-brained children in a left-brained world: Unlocking the potential of your ADD child. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Gazzaniga, M., Ivry, R., & Mangum, G. (2009). Cognitive neuroscience: The biology of the mind (3rd ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Giedd, J. N. (2009). Linking adolescent sleep, brain maturation, and behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, 319-320.
Gogtay, N., Ordonez, A., Herman, D. H., Hayashi, K. M., Greenstein, D., Vaituzis, C.,...Rapoport, J. L. (2007). Dynamic mapping of cortical development before and after the onset of pediatric bipolar illness. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 48, 852-862.
Goswami, U. (2004). Neuroscience, education and special education. British Journal of Special Education, 31(4), 175-183.
Goswami, U. (2006). Neuroscience and education: From research to practice? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 406-413.
Goswami, U. (2008). Principles of learning, implications for teaching: A cognitive neuroscience perspective. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 42(3-4), 381-399.
Howard-Jones, P. (2010). Introducing neuroeducational research: Neuroscience, education, and the brain from contexts to practice. London: Routledge.
Immordino-Yang, M. (2008). Strange lessons. New Scientist, 199(2664), 44-45.
Immordino-Yang, M. H., & Damasio, A. (2007). We feel, therefore we learn: Relevance of affective and social neuroscience to education. Mind, Brain, and Education, 1(1), 3-10.
Katzir, T., & Pare-Blagoev, J. (2006). Applying cognitive neuroscience research to education: The case of literacy. Educational Psychologist 41(1), 53-71.
Kerner, J. F. (2006). Knowledge translation versus knowledge integration: A “funder’s” perspective. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26(1), 72-80.
Lenroot, R. K., & Giedd, J. N. (2008). The changing impact of genes and environment on brain development during childhood and adolescence: Initial findings from a neuroimaging study of pediatric twins. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 1161-1175.
Lerner, R. M., Lerner, J. V., Bowers, E. P., Lewin-Bizan, S., Gestsdottir, S., & Urban, J. B. (Eds.). (2011). Thriving in childhood and adolescence: The role of self-regulation processes. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 133. Hoboken, NJ:Wiley.
Lucas, B. (2006). Boost your brain power week by week: 52 techniques to make you smarter. London: Duncan Baird.
Luiselli, J. K., Russo, D. C., Christian, W. P., & Wilczynski, S. M. (Eds). (2008). Effective practices for children with autism: Educational and behavioral support interventions that work. New York City, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc.
Luhmkuhl, D. (1993). Organizing for the creative person: Right-brain styles for conquering clutter, mastering time, and reaching your goals. New York: Three Rivers Press.
Lyon, G. R., & Moats, L. C. (1997). Critical conceptual and methodological considerations in reading intervention research. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 30, 578–588.
Makris, N., Biederman, J., Valera, E. M., Bush, G., Kaiser, J., Kennedy, D. N.,…Seidman, L. J. (2007). Cortical thinning of the attention and executive function networks in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Cerebral Cortex, 17, 1364-1375.
McFadden, K. L., Chen, S., Munroe, D. J., Naftzger, J. R., & Sellinger, E. M. (2010). Creating an innovative interdisciplinary graduate certification program. Innovative Higher Education, 36(3), 161-176.
Mulnard, R. A. (2011). Translational research: Connecting evidence to clinical practice. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 8, 1-6.
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATSa). (2013). About NCATS. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from http://www.ncats.nih.gov/about/about.html
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATSb). (2013). Budget. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from http://www.ncats.nih.gov/about/budget/budget.html
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). (2013). INVOLVE database. Retrieved from http://www.invo.org.uk/resource-centre/research-project-database/enter-search-the-database/
National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2013). Appropriations history by institute/center (1938-present). Retrieved from http://officeofbudget.od.nih.gov/approp_hist.html
Obendorf, K. (2010). From insight to on-site. Human Ecology, 38(1), 4-7.
Oram Cardy, J. E., Flagg, E. J., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Roberts, T. P. (2005). Magnetoencephalography identifies rapid temporal processing deficit in autism and language impairment. Neuroreport, 16(4), 329-332.
Palinkas, L. A., & Soydan, H. (2012). New horizons of translational research and research translation in social work. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(1), 85-92.
Roberts, T. P., Khan, S. Y., Rey, M. R., Monroe, J. F., Cannon, K., Blaskey, L.,…Edgar, J. C. (2010). MEG detection of delayed auditory evoked responses in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Towards an imaging biomarker for autism. Autism Research, 3(1), 8-18.
Rosenfield, P. L. (1992). The potential of transdisciplinary research for sustaining and extending linkages between the health and social sciences. Social Science Medicine, 35(11), 1343-1357.
Seidman, L. J., Valera, E. M., Makris, N., Monuteaux, M. C., Boriel, D. L., Kelkar, K.,…Faraone, S. V. (2006). Dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex volumetric abnormalities in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder identified by magnetic resonance imaging. Biological Psychiatry, 60, 1071-1080.
Shaywitz, S. E. & Shaywitz, B. A. (2005). Dyslexia (specific reading disability). Biological Psychiatry, 57(11), 1301-1309.
Shaywitz, B. A., Shaywitz, S. E., Blachman, B. A., Pugh, K. R., Fulbright, R. K., Skudlarski, P., …Gore, J. C. (2004). Development of left occipito-temporal systems for skilled reading in children after a phonologically-based intervention. Biological Psychiatry, 55(9), 926-933.
Shaywitz, S. E., Shaywitz, B. A., Fulbright, R. K., Skudlarski, P., Mencl, W. E., Constable, R. T.,…Gore, J. C. (2003). Neural systems of compensation and persistence: Young adult outcome of childhood reading disability. Biological Psychiatry, 54, 25–33.
Slavin, R. E. (2002). Evidence-based education policies: Transforming educational practice and research. Educational Researcher, 31(7), 15-21.
Szilagyi, P. G. (2009). Translational research and pediatrics. Academic Pediatrics, 9(2), 71-80.
Temple, E., Deutsch, G. K., Poldrack, R. A., Miller, S. L., Tallal, P., Merzenich, M. M., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2003). Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: Evidence from functional MRI. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, 2860–2865.
Tokuhama-Espinsa, T. (2011). Mind, Brain, and Education Science. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
U.S. Department of Education (DOE). (2013). Summary of discretionary funds, FY 2008 – FY 2013 president’s budget. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/budget/tables.html.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2013). Community-based participatory research. Retrieved from http://obssr.od.nih.gov/scientific_areas/methodology/community_based_participatory_research/
Vanderbilt Kennedy Center (2013). Education and brain sciences research lab. Retrieved from http://kc.vanderbilt.edu/educationandbrainlab/
Wang, A. T., Lee, S. S., Sigman, M., & Dapretto, M. (2007). Reading affect in the face and voice: Neural correlates of interpreting communicative intent in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 698-708.
Wethington, E. & Dunifon, R. E. (2012). Research for the public good: Applying methods of translational research to improve human health and well being. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Zerhouni, E. (2003). The NIH roadmap. Science 302(5642), 63-72.
Zerhouni, E. A. (2007). Translational research: Moving discovery to practice. Nature 81(1), 126-128.